A recent scientific study has succeeded in identifying a deadly virus in the pigs. The research infers that the pig virus may pose a lethal threat to the entire human population.
The pig virus was first detected in China in the year 2012. It was named as the porcine deltacoronavirus. It possesses the ability to jump from one cell to another cell of same or different species. It is by this jumping ability that the porcine deltacoronavirus finds its way to infect the humans.
The porcine deltacoronavirus resembles deadly viruses responsible for causing the SARS and the MERS. The SARS stands for the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome while the MERS stands for the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. Together the SARS and the MERS have claimed more than one thousand lives.
Professor Linda Saif said, “We’re very concerned about emerging coronaviruses and worry about the harm they can do to animals and their potential to jump to humans.” Professor Linda Saif was a part of the study conducted at the Ohio State University.
Scientist’s first encounter with the porcine deltacoronavirus was not attributed to any of the diseases.
It was in the year 2014 that some evidence came forward in this regard. The year 2014 marks the outbreak of diarrhea among the pig population in Ohio in the United States. The research conducted holds porcine deltacoronavirus responsible for the diarrhea outbreak. It is after that the virus began to harbor in pig population in several countries around the globe.
On account of the porcine deltacoronavirus invasion, the young pigs may witness acute diarrhea and chronic vomiting. These medical conditions may a toll on their lives.
The current research article marks its presence in the database of the journal Proceedings. The National Academy of Sciences is the sole contributor of the journal Proceedings.
Mechanism of the Porcine Deltacoronavirus action:
The study explains the mechanism of the mode of virulence of the porcine deltacoronavirus. It shows how the virus targets a specific molecule of the receptor on the cell surface lining the airways and the digestive tract. Once the receptor locks the virus, aminopeptidase N allows the virus to access its target host. The aminopeptidase N is a multifunctional enzyme.