Since past few decades, the technology has made enormous progress. It is due to this technological advancement that today we have improved machinery. This improved machinery helps our astronomers to unveil the mysteries of distant stars.

The NASA and the ESA are planning missions which will assist them to decode the mysteries of the Sun from a closer distance. The NASA’s mission is known as the Parker Solar Probe while the ESA’s mission is known as the Solar Orbiter. ESA stands for The European Space Agency. It is expected that the two missions will reveal the information about the Sun from a closer distance than any previous missions. They believe that their missions will furnish them with the resolution to many of the questions about the inner workings of the Sun.

The NASA’s mission Parker Solar Probe is scheduled for the launch in the year 2018 while the ESA’s Solar Orbiter will make its way in the year 2020.

We all know that the sunlight is essential to life. However, do you know that the solar flares do pose a significant threat to the technology too? Yes! Moreover, to list a few are the radio communications, satellites, and the human spaceflights.

In a recent press release from the desk of the NASA, As Chris St. Cyr explains:

“Our goal is to understand how the Sun works and how it affects the space environment to the point of predictability. This is a curiosity-driven science.”As Chris St. Cyr is the Solar Orbiter project, scientist

The duo missions of NASA and the ESA will focus primarily on the dynamic outer atmosphere of the Sun. The Sun’s outer atmosphere is known as the corona. Currently, no study clarifies the behavior of the corona, and hence it remains unpredictable. A phenomenon called as the “coronal heating problem” signifies that the corona is hotter than the solar surface.

To serve the purpose of their missions, the Parker Solar Probe will come as close as six million kilometers from the Sun while the Solar Orbiter will be at a distance of forty-two million kilometers.

We all wish both the NASA and the ESA teams with a GOOD LUCK in their future endeavors.