The astronomers have recovered the lost tapes of Apollo moon missions. With the help of these retrieved data, the astronomers are successful in finding a reply to the question about the bizarrely warmer lunar surface of the 1970’s.
The Apollo 15 and 17 missions were launched in 1971 and 1972 respectively. These missions were involved in the deployment of the probes. The probes are used to detect the intensity of radiating from the moon’s inner surface. These probes during their on-going mission used to collect the raw data’s and transmit them to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Johnson Space Center. The NASA’s Johnson Space Center was a part of Houston until the year 1977.
Scientists analyzing these raw data’s highlights the uptick observed in the temperature at the lunar surface. This uptick was under observation after the launch of the Apollo Missions in the year 1971. The uptick’s inspection went on till the probes completely stopped generating the records in the year 1977.
Apollo Mission in a Nutshell:
The duty of the Apollo Missions probes was to measure the flow of heat from the lunar core. The reason behind the research was that the scientists wanted to know whether the inner core of the moon is as hot as the core of our Blue Planet. In addition to this, the reason for the launch of the Apollo Missions was to unveil the amount of heat production by the lunar rocks and mantle.
The experiments under the Apollo missions extended till the year 1977. However, the tape records preserved at the NASA’s National Space Science Data Center dates from the year 1971 to 1974. Unfortunately, the tapes which consist of the readings from 1975 to 1977 were missing since the project was called off. The lost tapes were retrieved eight years back from now.
The current analysis about the bizarre moon warming finds its place in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. The review concludes that the source of the unusual lunar warning were the astronauts of the Apollo Mission. Theses astronauts disturbed the lunar surface by walking and driving a rover over it. As a result of the astronaut’s activity, the lunar surface reflects less amount of the solar light back to space. This phenomenon is responsible for the rise in the lunar temperature by one or two degree Celsius.