A new report unveils the areas, which are prone to significant water shortages. The study highlights the ever-greater water shortage faced by the communities across the United States, Australia, the parts of the Middle East and the Northern parts of India. Additionally, it claims the climatic changes and the ever-growing populations to be the sole contributors of the water shortages in these highlighted areas.
Instead of this, significant areas of the Iraq, Syria, southern California, and Saudi Arabia have already witnessed the declines in the availability of the fresh water reserves, and it is a significant decline.
With the current observations, it can be said that the water shortages might become one of the robust challenges before humanity shortly.
The study also highlights few additional areas as the water shortage spots. It includes the high plains of the America, Patagonia, southern Russia, the Xinjiang province of China, and eastern Brazil.
Currently, the Cape Town is on the borderline of being declared as the first ever city to run short of the freshwater availability. The Cape Town is a city in South Africa.
Jay Famiglietti says, “What we are witnessing is major hydrologic change. We see a distinctive pattern of the wetland areas of the world getting wetter – those are the high latitudes and the tropics – and the dry areas in between getting dryer. Embedded within the dry areas we see multiple hotspots resulting from groundwater depletion.” Jay Famiglietti is a representative of the NASA’s research group which carried
out the study.
The study was facilitated with an array of the NASA satellite observations of Earth. It procured data on the human activities to map the exact locations of the places on the Earth where the levels of the fresh water are changing.
The inference drawn out of the observations makes its way to the journal Nature.