Dark energy is the driving force responsible for the expansion of the universe at an accelerating pace. However, the current research theories point towards more dark energy than what our astronomers have unveiled until now. The astronomers believe that the more the dark energy, the higher would be the acceleration rate of the universal expansion. As a result of the accelerated expansion, the matter will spread too thin before it gets transformed into stars and planets. In turn, it prevents the process of life formation.
The multiverse theory considers our universe to be lucky. It highlights the presence of other universes with more dark energy, and hence there is no life formation.
In place of the inhospitable nature of multiverse, an international research team went on to conduct a simulation. The simulation was performed under EAGLE. EAGLE stands for Evolution and Assembly of Galaxies and their Environments. EAGLE is a project that contradicts the multiverse theory. This international research team behind the project EAGLE, reveals that even if the number of dark energy within our universe is multiplied by hundred, then to it would cause a negligible impact on its ability to form stars and planets. In fact, this research contributes to the fact that if at all the multiverse exists, then there is a higher possibility of the existence of life in other universes.
Luke Barnes in a press release conveys, “The multiverse was previously thought to explain the observed value of dark energy as a lottery — we have a lucky ticket and live in the universe that forms beautiful galaxies which permit life as we know it. Our work shows that our ticket seems a little too lucky, so to speak. It’s more special than it needs to be for life. This is a problem for the multiverse; a puzzle remains.” Luke Barnes is the researcher who participated in this study from Western Sydney University.