Is the pollution starving the Europe’s trees from the vital nutrients? Let us check it out.
Scientists highlight the growing concerns of the pollution with particular reference about Europe’s trees. The research worked out on the effects of pollution on the trees in Europe reveal the fact that the pollution is giving rise to nutrient starving in these trees. It is happening on account of damage caused to the essential fungi which are the sole contributors of nutrients to trees.
These essential fungi harbor on the roots of such trees and facilitate the trees with essential minerals and water. According to the researchers, the pollution limits recorded currently are not stringent enough to provide safety to the forest fungi. Europe’s forest highlights the presence of tree malnutrition characterized by the discoloration or the missing leaves. The current study claims the fungi loss may be a factor for the tree malnutrition.
The research work makes its way in the Journal Nature.
Dr. Martin Bidartondo says, “If we care about the condition of our forests – what shape they’re in – we can’t just look above (the ground). “We need to look below – we need to understand how the fungi are nourishing the trees.”Dr. Martin Bidartondo hails from the Imperial College London under the department of life sciences.
The fungi may harbor on the trees supplying nutrients and water. Owing to the structures of truffles and mushrooms formed by some representatives of the fungi kingdom, they can harbor beneath the surface for decades. Such fungi are called as the mycorrhizal fungi. They receive carbon from the tree. In return, they supply essential nutrients to the trees. These essential nutrients are inclusive of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorous. The mycorrhizal fungi absorb the vital nutrients from the soil.
Dr. Laura M Suz says, “Trees need this fungi to get nutrients and water from the soil, and there are factors like pollution that are affecting this fungi. We need to be aware of it at least because these fungi are essential for the growth and the health of the trees.” Dr. Laura M Suz is a co-researcher of the study and hails from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.