The ocean spray blasts that erupted from Saturn’s moon is said to be composed of complex organic molecules. The presence of the complex organic molecules makes the Saturn’s moon to be the only place beyond our planet to harbor essential life constituents. Astronomers detected the presence of these complex organic compounds in water plumes and ice retrieved from the enormous fractures at the southern pole of Enceladus. The Enceladus is a 300-mile wide ball of ice that orbits around the Saturn. In addition to the Enceladus, Saturn has fifty-two other moons too. Enceladus is Saturn’s natural satellite. It has a golden water ocean present below its frozen crust layer.
The scientists from Germany and the United States found tell-tale signs of the complex organic molecules. These organic molecules are far more complicated than the amino acid molecules. They are about ten times heavier than the molecule of methane. NASA’s Cassini probe retrieved the data while it was exploring the Enceladus fractures. The fissures are known as the ‘Tiger strips’. These ‘tiger strips’ reach several miles deep below the ice surface. Also, the crevices are filled with ocean water which percolates up from the ocean.
This discovery has excited the nerves of NASA scientists to prepare for another mission to Enceladus. The vision of the mission will be to detect the presence of life exists on the frozen satellite.
Frank Postberg says, “With modern instrumentation, it would be straightforward to check Enceladus for signs of life. “You don’t have to land or drill, you just fly past,” he said. “This is not science fiction. You can just go there and check: is there life or not?” Frank Postberg is a planetary scientist who worked on the currently retrieved data of Enceladus. He hails from Heidelberg University.